文章摘要
高潇怡,李亭亭,刘文莉,喻娅妮,李秀菊.幼儿园科学活动案例资源建设现状与对策[J].科普研究,2022,17(4):31~39
幼儿园科学活动案例资源建设现状与对策
Research on the Current Status and Strategy of Scientific ActivityCase Resources Construction in Preschool
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 儿童科学教育 幼儿园科学活动 科学活动案例资源
英文关键词: childhood science education  preschool science activities  science activities case resources
基金项目:
作者单位
高潇怡 北京师范大学教育学部 
李亭亭 北京师范大学教育学部 
刘文莉 北京师范大学教育学部 
喻娅妮 北京师范大学教育学部 
李秀菊 中国科普研究所 
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中文摘要:
      为了解当前幼儿园科学活动案例资源状况,根据是否完整演绎科学活动和师幼互动具体过程筛选出 19 本科学活动案例出版物,通过文献分析法构建研究工具,并据此分析案例资源编写者、受众与案例结构状 况。调查发现,我国案例资源开发群体多样且以研究者为主,资源受众主要面向在职幼儿教师,案例结构中 的活动要素设计可进一步优化,主要表现为:活动案例的目标对科学教育理念的回应不够充分;活动主题来 源广泛但内容较为随意;活动过程关注幼儿的观察和认知,但探究性略显不足;教师作为活动促进者和示范 者的角色体现明显,但对幼儿主体性的关照不足;评价环节普遍缺失且设计不良。本研究认为,幼儿园科学 活动案例资源建设需要结合受众需求,探索案例编写群体合作新路径,并吸收借鉴国际经验与研究成果,提 升我国幼儿园科学活动的质量。
英文摘要:
      To research the status of scientific activity case resource construction in preschool, 19 publications were selected based on the screening criteria. The literature analysis method is used to develop research tools. The study finds that the case resource development groups are diverse and dominated by researchers,and the target audience is mainly in-service preschool teachers. The design of the activity elements reflected in the case structure is expected to be further optimized, specifically as follows:the response and direction of the activity cases to the science education concept are not sufficient; the theme of the event has a wide range of sources but more casual; the activity process highlights children’s observation and cognition,but the inquiry is slightly insufficient;the role of teachers as activity promoters and demonstrators is prominent,but the care of children’s subjectivity is inadequate;the evaluation link is generally missing and poorly designed. In order to promote the construction of preschool scientific activity case resources,this study believes that it needs to explore the path of in-depth cooperation of writing groups combining the needs of the audience,absorbing advanced scientific education research results and experience.
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